Selected Work
creative system thinking as it relates to architecture, urban design, and technologies






>> more to come



3 Contemporary Methods



Presently, other contemporaries in this modality, place the user, at the center of an “open system” to broaden the adaptability and growth of end-user models. Similar to cybernetic system thinking, Meta-Design acknowledges the complexity of co-creative processes and the unpredictable nature of public engagement, allowing a more creative and collaborative design process instead of a prescriptive methodology. Meta-Design is a framework that integrates the user into designer through training, defining, and creating social and technical infrastructures, enabling one to (re)-structure existing urban planning and design processes to become a co-creator in their community.

    Recently, there have been a few prolific studies that explore past the situatedness of embedded technologies in public spaces, but positioning civic engagement into ubiquitous computing platforms, making the participatory conversations more accessible. Whether it is a self-standing platform, like the City Bug Report media façade, or an integration onto an existing platform advocated by “augmenting public participation,” the mechanism can only be as appealing as the willingness to participate continually. Consequently, understanding what motivation factors influence continual user engagement is critical for the viability and the effectiveness of any participatory co-creative methodologies. This brought us to expand our research into Uses and Gratification theory (U&G) and how it is articulated successfully in the usage and structure of social media platforms.





© Jennifer Jiang 2022